The social-ecological approach humanity as an embedded part of the biosphere, depending on the generation of ecosystem services for human wellbeing, while simultaneously shaping it from local to global scales. Humanity and ecosystems are deeply linked. When considering systems of humans and nature (social-ecological systems) it is important to consider the system as a whole. The human domain and the biophysical domain are interdependent. They are complex adaptive systems that do not change in a predictable, linear, incremental fashion; they have the potential to exist in more than one kind of regime (referred to as alternate stable states) in which their function, structure, and feedbacks are different. Shocks and disturbances to these systems can drive them across a threshold into a different regime, frequently with unwelcome surprises. Read More
Monthly Archives: mei 2015
Everything is interdependent in the world; there are no things and facts that wouldn’t be connected directly or between each other. There are no pathless barriers between wild and inorganic nature, there are the laws combining the entire world in unified whole and giving rise to the objective possibility of usage in the artificially created systems of laws and principles of building of nature and its forms. Its basis is a biological relationship of a man and nature.
Managing urban growth has become one of the most important challenges of the 21st century. As a result of the uncontrolled and unplanned sprawling of the cities, the rapid process causes a lot of different ecological, economic, social and infrastructural problems and risks. Many forces will contribute to sudden changes and surprise in the 21st Century. Forces that will affect the city including the increasing pace of technological change, the interdependency of the global economy, and increasing ecological stresses associated with an increasing world population and migration. Read More